As its name suggests, ransomware is a specific type of malware that tries to extract a ransom payment in exchange for unblocking access to an asset that belongs to the victim.
In the case of crypto-ransomware–or cryptors–the ‘kidnapped’ assets are the files and data that are stored on the infected device. The cryptor encrypts the victim’s data into an unreadable form, and the data can only be decrypted by using the necessary decryption key. But that key is only released by the criminal after the victim has paid the ransom demand.
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